These are some of the codes that helped me getting started in using Apache server on Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal)
Finding out the user group
<?php // outputs the username that owns the running php/httpd process // (on a system with the "whoami" executable in the path) echo exec('whoami'); ?>
(often it is www-data )
source : http://php.net/manual/en/function.exec.php
Check you have the permission. If not change the pormissions for the var/www folder on Linux (in case of a 403 error)
If you make /var/www writeable by its group and add the user to the group, that user will not have to use sudo. Try this:
sudo adduser <username> www-data
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www
sudo chmod -R g+rw /var/www
The user should then be able to edit /var/www/ files without hassle.
The first line adds the user to the www-data group, the second line clears up any files with messed up ownership, and the third makes it so that all users who are members of the www-data group can read and write all files in /var/www.
source : http://askubuntu.com/questions/19898/whats-the-simplest-way-to-add-files-to-var-www
Location of the Apache error log :
Quickly access the last few lines of the Apache access log tail -f /var/log/apache2/error.log